Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2015
Making development sustainable: The future of disaster risk management

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Chapter 1
Figure 1.4 From disaster response to disaster risk reduction
(Source: adapted from UNISDR Virtual Library.)
(Source: International Law Commission, 2013

International Law Commission. 2013,Sixth report on the protection of persons in the event of disasters, Sixty-fifth session Geneva, 6 May-7 June and 8 July-9 August 2013, by Eduardo Valencia-Ospina, Special Rapporteur. Geneva: United Nations.. .
In 2004 the UN General Assembly convened the second World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, held in Kobe in 2005, to build on the Yokohama Strategy and the Johannesburg Plan of Action. The resulting Hyogo Declaration emphasized the reduction of vulnerabilities and the strengthening of resilience of nations and communities “in the context of the disaster reduction cycle, which consists of prevention, preparedness, and emergency response, as well as recovery and reconstruction”.
1.3 The emergence of the disaster
risk management sector
An evolution from managing disasters to managing risks has slowly taken shape at national and international levels. At its centre has been the disaster management cycle.
A national system is born
On 13 November 1985, the Nevado del Ruiz Volcano in Colombia erupted. Although the government had received multiple warnings of volcanic
in lives and in the social and economic assets of communities and countries”, has really been achieved and therefore whether the way disaster risk reduction has been understood and practised by most countries is really fit for purpose.
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