Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2015
Making development sustainable: The future of disaster risk management

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Box 11.5 Strengthening capacities for disaster risk management in Brazil
Within only 70 years, Brazil went from being around 30 per cent to 84 per cent urban. This rapid urbanization process has been characterized by highly unequal urban development and land use. Real estate speculation has largely excluded low-income households from existing and new residential areas, obliging them to informally occupy areas that were outside of the formal land market. This led to a social construction of disaster risk over time. A number of Brazil’s metropolitan areas, including Salvador, So Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, together contain more than one million informal households. Of those households, almost 60 per cent are located on moderate and steep slopes (Figure 11.7).
Figure 11.7 Informal households situated on moderate and steep slopes in selected Brazilian cities
(Source: UNISDR with 2010 data from IBGE.8)
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