Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2015
Making development sustainable: The future of disaster risk management

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The 302 self-assessment reports prepared using the HFA Monitor2 and the UN Global Assessment Reports on Disaster Risk Reduction published in 2009, 2011 and 2013, as well as the Mid-Term Review of the HFA (UNISDR, 2011b

UNISDR. 2011b,Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters: Mid-Term Review 2010-2011, Geneva, Switzerland: UNISDR.. .
) and other published analyses from the HFA Monitor (UNISDR, 2011c

UNISDR. 2011c,HFA Progress in Asia Pacific Regional Synthesis Report 2009-2011, Geneva, Switzerland: UNISDR.. .
, 2013b, 2013c; UNISDR et al., 2009

UNISDR, The German Committee for Disaster Reduction and EUROPA Major Hazards Agreement. 2009,Implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action in Europe: Advances and Challenges, Report for the period 2007- 2009. Geneva.. .
), have provided detailed country-by-country evidence of how participating states have invested in most (but not all) of these key activities. The measures taken have included the formulation of legislation and national policies, the creation of institutional frameworks, the decentralization of
Box 6.1 Key activities relating to disaster risk governance in the HFA
responsibilities to local governments and the creation of dedicated budgets.
When understood as an instrument of policy formulation and institutional organization, the model of disaster risk governance proposed by the HFA is one of the areas in which countries report making greatest progress (Figure 6.1). According to the HFA Monitor, over 100 countries now have dedicated national institutional arrangements for disaster risk management. As of 2014, more than 120 countries had undergone legal or policy reforms, over 190 had established focal points
National institutional and legislative frameworks:

(a) Support the creation and strengthening of national integrated disaster risk reduction mechanisms, such as multi sectoral national platforms, with designated responsibilities at the national through to the local levels to facilitate coordination across sectors. National platforms should also facilitate coordination across sectors, including by maintaining a broad based dialogue at national and regional levels for promoting awareness among the relevant sectors.

(b) Integrate risk reduction, as appropriate, into development policies and planning at all levels of government, including in poverty reduction strategies and sectors and multi sector policies and plans.

(c) Adopt, or modify where necessary, legislation to support disaster risk reduction, including regulations and mechanisms that encourage compliance and that promote incentives for undertaking risk reduction and mitigation activities.

(d) Recognize the importance and specificity of local risk patterns and trends, decentralize responsibilities and resources for disaster risk reduction to relevant sub-national or local authorities, as appropriate.

(e) Assess existing human resource capacities for disaster risk reduction at all levels and develop capacity-building plans and programmes for meeting ongoing and future requirements.

(f) Allocate resources for the development and the implementation of disaster risk management policies, programmes, laws and regulations on disaster risk reduction in all relevant sectors and authorities at all levels of administrative and budgets on the basis of clearly prioritized actions.

(g) Governments should demonstrate the strong political determination required to promote and integrate disaster risk reduction into development programming.
Community participation

(h) Promote community participation in disaster risk reduction through the adoption of specific policies, the promotion of networking, the strategic management of volunteer resources, the attribution of roles and responsibilities, and the delegation and provision of the necessary authority and resources.
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