Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2015
Making development sustainable: The future of disaster risk management

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reduction since the IDNDR and was included in Priority for Action 5 of the HFA (Box 8.6).
HFA Priority for Action 5 is the area of the HFA where most progress appears to have been made (Figure 8.2).
HFA progress reports highlight that preparedness for response has been the main focus of the disaster risk management sector in many countries. Many success stories during the HFA are associated with improvements in preparedness, often combined with more effective early warning. These include the dramatic reductions in disaster mortality in countries like Bangladesh, Mozambique, India and Cuba described in Chapter 2. But in a large majority of countries, there have been real improvements in disaster preparedness and major investments in the necessary capacities.
As Chapter 6 highlighted, disaster risk management has generally been understood and practised as disaster management, including in
Box 8.6 Key activities related to disaster preparedness in the HFA
(a) Strengthen policy, technical and institutional capacities in regional, national and local disaster management, including those related to technology, training, and human and material resources.

(b) Promote and support dialogue, exchange of information and coordination among early warning, disaster risk reduction, disaster response, development and other relevant agencies and institutions at all levels, with the aim of fostering a holistic approach towards disaster risk reduction.

(c) Strengthen and when necessary develop coordinated regional approaches, and create or upgrade regional policies, operational mechanisms, plans and communication systems to prepare for and ensure rapid and effective disaster response in situations that exceed national coping capacities.

(d) Prepare or review and periodically update disaster preparedness and contingency plans and policies at all levels, with a particular focus on the most vulnerable areas and groups. Promote regular disaster preparedness exercises, including evacuation drills, with a view to ensuring rapid and effective disaster response and access to essential food and non-food relief supplies, as appropriate, to local needs.

(e) Promote the establishment of emergency funds, where and as appropriate, to support response, recovery and preparedness measures.

(f) Develop specific mechanisms to engage the active participation and ownership of relevant stakeholders, including communities, in disaster risk reduction, in particular building on the spirit of volunteerism.
international organizations. For example, UNICEF’s disaster risk management programmes focus heavily on school safety, emergency drills, an understanding of preparedness and life skills.9 Regional organizations have also played a key role in supporting the preparedness agenda of their member countries and in setting up regional support mechanisms. For example, the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) supports member states in strengthening sub-regional emergency response capabilities, including the development of Regional Standby Arrangements and Coordination of joint disaster relief and emergency response operations (GAR 13 paperIASC-WFP, 2014

GAR13 Reference IASC-WFP (Inter-Agency Standing Committee and World Food Programme). 2014,Preparedness action in present and future context, lessons learned and to be learned, Background Paper prepared for the 2015 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction. Geneva, Switzerland: UNISDR..
Click here to view this GAR paper.
Disaster preparedness has been strengthened through emergency preparedness drills, which are now carried out on a regular basis in schools and in other contexts (UNISDR, 2013b

UNISDR. 2013b,Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action, Summary of Reports 2007-2013. Geneva, Switzerland: UNISDR.. .
). For example, the municipality of Quito in Ecuador carries out drills and simulations at the institutional level as well as in communities and schools; in Bhubaneswar, India, drills are held at the city, ward,
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