Document / Publication
Nature Conservancy, the
This report considers the use of natural infrastructure to address flood and other climate change–induced risks in an urban area, New York City community of Howard Beach, Queens.
The report evaluates:
The study finds that when ecosystem functions and services are included in a cost-benefit analysis, hybrid infrastructure—combining nature and nature-based infrastructure with gray infrastructure—can provide the most cost-effective protection from sea-level rise, storm surges, and coastal flooding.
This report seeks to demonstrate that it is possible to better quantify and monetize the benefits and services that nature and nature-based infrastructure provide.