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Quantitative evaluation of flood control measures and educational support to reduce disaster vulnerability of the poor based on household-level savings estimates
This study aims to quantitatively evaluate the effects of flood control measures and educational support in terms of flood vulnerability of the poor at the household level, quantitatively linking flood damage, savings, and education. Disasters worsen the poverty trap in developing countries. To alleviate poverty by reducing the risk of disasters, not only the immediate direct impacts of disasters but also their long-term and indirect impacts should be considered.
However, since the effects of individual policies are often evaluated based on the extent of damage reduction, the impact on the poor, who have few assets and thus small losses, is generally ignored. The study found that educational support is suitable for reducing the flood vulnerability of the poor cost-effectively, especially when the budgets are small.