Egypt: How 'smart crops' are used to mitigate effects of climate change
Local agricultural research centres have recently unveiled crop varieties that can bear up against high temperatures.
These varieties include a new rice type that can adapt to extreme weather conditions and high salinity in the soil.
The same variety only needs a small amount of water for irrigation, researchers say.
Together with other climate-resilient crops, the new rice variety promises to alleviate some of the effects of climate change and provide much needed food for Egypt's more than 100 million people.
Around 300,000 acres of farmland have already been cultivated with the new variety, which makes up almost 30 percent of the country's rice-growing farmland, according to Muwafi.
Egyptian authorities are also lining tens of thousands of kilometres of irrigation canals to reduce water leakage and ensure that irrigation water reaches the farthest farmland in the Egyptian countryside.