Cyclones Idai and Kenneth 2019


Tropical Cyclone Idai made landfall near Beira City, Mozambique on 14 March 2019, bringing strong winds and severe flooding in Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, and Madagascar. Cyclone Idai killed approximately 1303 and affected more than three million people. Cyclone Idai was followed one month later by Tropical Cyclone Kenneth, which made landfall in Mozambique as the strongest cyclone to ever hit the African continent.

Recovery needs in the wake of the damage caused by consecutive cyclones continue to be significant. Post-disaster needs assessments following Cyclones Idai and Kenneth and the ensuing floods estimate total recovery needs for Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Malawi at $3.2 billion USD, $767 million USD and $370.5 million USD, respectively. The government of Mozambique stood up a new agency, Gabinete de Reconstrução Pós-Idai and Kenneth (GREPOC), to oversee recovery efforts.

In Mozambique alone, more than 240,000 homes were partially or completely destroyed. Early in the recovery phase, GREPOC completed research to build back stronger, cyclone-resistant homes to guide reconstruction efforts, but for many, access, affordability and know-how remain a challenge for resilient reconstruction. For others, the governments are exploring resettlement to locations safe from landslides and flooding, but these efforts can be complicated by resettlement areas requiring infrastructure, and lacking connectivity with a community’s livelihoods, families, culture and other needs. Damage caused by the cyclones and floods to the agriculture sector exacerbated food insecurity in the immediate term and presented significant recovery needs for restoring livelihoods. The cyclones and floods caused significant damage to core infrastructure. In Mozambique the PDNA estimates that nearly 30 per cent of the national road network was damaged and 20 bridges were damaged or destroyed. Electricity, water, hospitals, schools and telecommunications core infrastructure also suffered significant damage.

Cover and title of publication
This article examines how social capital was autonomously cultivated and utilised by the Cyclone Idai disaster survivors in Eastern Chimanimani, Zimbabwe to face the fresh socio-economic challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Jàmbá Journal of Disaster Risk Studies
Coverage of "Building-back-better in post-disaster recovery: Lessons learnt from cyclone Idai-induced floods in Zimbabwe"
This study evaluates the build-back-better considerations in post-disaster recovery, following the devastation by Cyclone Idai-induced floods in 2019. Conducted in 2020, the study assesses the impact of Cyclone Idai-induced floods.
International Journal of Disaster Risk Science
After cyclones brought devastation in 2019, authorities and aid agencies in Zimbabwe and Mozambique are evacuating people, sending phone alerts and strengthening homes.
Thomson Reuters Foundation,
As another severe tropical storm hits Mozambique, people still struggling to rebuild lives destroyed by 2019's Cyclone Idai tell their stories.
Guardian, the (UK)
In this brief, we examine the impact of the floods on some of the poorest people living in Mangochi and Nsanje; the extent of the damage caused to their households; and the warnings and type of assistance received. We also investigate differences in the impact of the floods on households enrolled on Concern’s Graduation programme.
Concern Worldwide
The study focuses on why Cyclones Idai and Kenneth resulted in disasters in Malawi, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe, taking into account the specific country contexts. This report provides a review of the systems and actions that helped to reduce damages, while also delving into the factors that constrained people and systems’ resilience
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies Practical Action Institute for Social and Environmental Transition - International Switzerland - government Z Zurich Foundation
A year ago, landslides, floods, and high winds from two successive cyclones devastated communities across Malawi, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe.
Flood Resilience Portal
This brief presents lessons drawn from a Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance (ZFRA) Post Event Review Capability (PERC) study of the 2019 Cyclone Idai and Cyclone Kenneth impacts in Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Malawi.
Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance
This brief presents a series of resilience lessons from Cyclone Idai and Cyclone Kenneth based on key informant interviews and background research, and highlights opportunities strengthen Early Warning Systems in Mozambique.
Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance
Following the 2019 cyclone in Mozambique, thousands remain in shelters and two million remain in need of food assistance, with the UN struggling to reach everyone.
Thomson Reuters