Collecting disaster loss data

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Traditionally, the recording of disaster losses and damages starts at the impact level by the national disaster risk management offices. There are critical challenges in this process, including a lack of or limitations in globally accepted methodology and limited data standards.

Recent progress in strengthening the data ecosystem for tracking hazardous events and disaster losses and damages points to the need to harness the comparative advantage of organisations to inform a range of services. These include generating impact-based early warning to enable early action, tracking disaster impacts and how they affect disproportionately some vulnerable, excluded and marginalized groups, and informing risk-based approaches and planning.

We cannot reduce risk effectively if we cannot measure disaster losses. Have a look at stocktaking, challenges and best practices in this page on collecting disaster loss data.

An African farmer with his herd of goats.
Scientists warn that a lack of weather data in much of Africa means that loss and damage funds can not be dependent on a disaster being proven to be caused by climate change.
Climate Home News
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2022
This report aims to examine data on disaster losses related to infrastructure damage and service disruption in Post Disaster Needs Assessments (PDNAs) submitted by nations between 2010 and 2020, and to identify where gaps still exist in PDNA reporting.
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction United Nations Development Programme - Headquarters International Recovery Platform
DesInventar-Sendai Training KZ
Experts from Kazakhstan were trained to use the DesInventar-Sendai disaster loss management system thanks to the European Union (EU) funded project on strengthening disaster resilience in Central Asia.
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction - Regional Office for Europe & Central Asia Center for Emergency Situations and Disaster Risk Reduction Asian Disaster Preparedness Center
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2021
This working paper is based on a study carried out to improve understanding of, and identify actions to address, climate change-induced loss and damage in Bangladesh.
Practical Action
2021
This EM-DAT compiles different disasters from all over the globe with varying information on different variables.
United States Agency for International Development Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters
Calculating climate costs is no easy task even for Japanese insurers, armed with sophisticated models to predict the course and intensity of potential disasters.
Thomson Reuters
2021

Based on a systematic review of journal articles, books and book chapters, and policy papers, the authors evaluate possible sources of finance for addressing loss and damage from slow onset climate events in developing countries. They find that most

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability (Elsevier)
A new report from the Finance Working Group of the independent Global Stocktake (iGST) explores loss and damage finance and its place in the Global Stocktake.
ClimateWorks Foundation
2021

This brief describes why it is critical that Loss and Damage be reflected prominently, both as a theme for discussions and as a focus of action, in the lead up to, and beyond COP 26. The theme of Adaptation and Resilience ignores Loss and Damage entirely

Practical Action International Centre for Climate Change and Development Climate Action Network Prakriti Resources Center Unitarian Universalist Service Committee Stamp Out Poverty
2021

This paper provides a state of play for loss and damage finance. This is presented with the background context of what loss and damage is and how the concept has evolved in the UNFCCC process; critical reading for such a highly politically charged topic.

Overseas Development Institute Germanwatch Prakriti Resources Center Independent Global Stocktake