This paper profiles the vulnerability, risk reduction, and adaptation to climate change of Indonesia. According to Indonesia’s National Action Plan Addressing Climate Change, the national adaptation agenda needs to focus on water resources, agriculture, fisheries, coastal and marine ecosystems, infrastructure and settlement, health, and forestry sectors. In particular, adaptation measures that target sea-level rise, extreme weather, and threats to ecosystems and biodiversity should be prioritized. The Action Plan encourages natural resource management that builds resilience of ecosystems as a vehicle for reducing the vulnerability of millions of Indonesians.
The paper identifies that the government of Indonesia is committed to mainstreaming effective, efficient, and equitable adaptation interventions into:
- Development planning, and significant progress has been made in recent years on this approach. The Climate Change Adaptation Program (ICCP), developed in 2007, is based on the following principles:
- Opting for no-regrets measures and addressing climate variability as the starting points.
- Ensuring a participatory approach in developing the climate change adaptation agenda.
- Adjusting the ongoing and planned initiatives and programs for adaptation measures to the climate risks.
- Institutionalizing and effectively utilizing the knowledge base on climate variability to better manage current and future risks.
- Harmonizing policies and programs in a decentralized and multi-sectoral setting.