Public-Private Insurance Partnerships bolster Latin American/Caribbean resilience

Source(s): BRINK

Globally, three of the ten most costly natural disaster events in the last 35 years occurred in total or in part in the Latin America/Caribbean (LAC) region; losses from Hurricane Matthew in the Caribbean are still being assessed.

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Given the overall impact of catastrophes on public-sector finances, governments in Latin America are transitioning from an over-reliance on post-event disaster financing to a pre-event approach to disaster risk mitigation. Societies are realizing that transferring risk to the private sector provides efficient and cost-effective solutions that relieve already strained public-sector budgets.

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Another market leader in public–private partnerships, CCRIF SPC(formerly the Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility) is the world’s first multi-country-risk-pool-utilizing parametric insurance backed by both traditional insurers and capital markets. Created in 2007 with the support of the World Bank, the government of Japan, and other donors, CCRIF provides protection against earthquakes, hurricanes, and excessive rainfall to 17 Caribbean and Central American countries. Leveraging its diverse portfolio, the facility provides affordable reinsurance for members through catastrophe swaps with the reinsurance market. In 2014 it accessed catastrophe bond markets for the first time with a three-year, USD 30 million bond covering hurricanes and earthquakes, providing CCRIF multi-year access to reinsurance at a fixed price.

The risk pool mitigates cash flow problems faced by its members after major natural disasters by providing rapid, transparent payouts to assist with initial disaster responses. It has made 22 payouts to 10 members for a total of $69 million, all within 14 days. CCRIF was the first to pay claims associated with the 2010 Haiti earthquake and has paid out more than $29 million in response to 2016’s Hurricane Matthew.

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