Research briefs

Research published in the May 6 edition of Science indicates that slow-motion earthquakes or “slow-slip events” can rupture the shallow portion of a fault that also moves in large, tsunami-generating earthquakes. The finding has important implications for assessing tsunami hazards.
University of Texas
Scientists from Nanyang Technological University (NTU Singapore) at its Earth Observatory of Singapore (EOS) have discovered a way to forecast earthquakes based on slow fault movements caused by moving sub layers of the earth.
Earth Observatory of Singapore - Nanyang Technological University
The formation of a distinct pattern of sea surface temperatures in the middle of the North Pacific Ocean can predict an increased chance of summertime heat waves in the eastern half of the United States up to 50 days in advance, according to a new study led by a scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).
University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
Density of the wildland-urban interface areas in administrative regions across Europe, showing regions where unmanaged land is dangerously close to cities, posing a potential fire risk. University of Leicester
An international research team has put together a map using satellite data that details the countries in Europe with the highest likelihood of experiencing wildfire damage - with large fires occurring more frequently near Wildland-Urban Interface areas in the countries of Albania, Bulgaria, Cyprus, France, Italy and Spain.
University of Leicester
Flooding in Wales. Photo by Flickr user Ben Salter CC 2.0
According to a new study of the European Commission Joint Research Centre, adaptation efforts should favour measures targeted at reducing the impacts of floods, such as relocation and vulnerability reduction, rather than trying to avoid them. Reducing vulnerability includes early warning systems, dry and wet flood proofing, and floating buildings, among others.
European Commission Joint Research Centre
Volcanic ash can damage jet engines but the chemical composition of the ash, which varies depending on its source, plays a crucial role in determining how much damage it can cause. Volcanologists from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München have developed a new risk assessment model.
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Forests nationwide are feeling the heat from increasing drought and climate change, according to a new study by scientists from 14 research institutions. 'Over the last two decades, warming temperatures and variable precipitation have increased the severity of forest droughts across much of the continental United States,' said James S. Clark, lead author of the study...
Duke University
The Flood Re insurance scheme will fail to reduce flood risk and the number of London households eligible for the scheme could increase by up to 75% during its lifespan, according to a paper published today by the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the London School of Economics and Political Science...
University of Leeds
Recovering from a traumatic event for some can mean finding a new appreciation of life – for others it is a slow process fraught with negativity. 'Having more close emotional ties is generally related to better mental health and personal wellbeing several years after a disaster. Involvement in local community groups and organisations is also associated with more positive outcomes,' says Associate Professor Gibbs, from the Centre of Health Equity, one of the chief investigators on the Beyond Bushfires project..,
University of Melbourne
Homes were destroyed last month in bushfires near Lancefield, Victoria, lives have been lost as fires continue to sweep through southern Western Australia. Alongside the devastating loss of life and properties, many properties potentially in the path of bushfires are inadequately insured...
Conversation Media Group, the

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