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Sendai FrameworkCapacity Development

Strategic Approach to Capacity Development for Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction

A Vision of Risk-Informed Sustainable Development by 2030




This Strategic Approach to Capacity Development for Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction seeks to establish among all stakeholders a common understanding of capacity development within the disaster risk reduction (DRR) context. By characterizing outstanding capacity development needs in light of common obstacles and constraints, presenting key principles, elements, and actions that together help guide planning discussions, providing targets and ideals, and normalizing practice across sectors, improvement of practical standards will occur.

This Strategic Approach is a resource of empowerment for all relevant capacity development partners and stakeholders, and its goal - A Vision of Risk-Informed Sustainable Development by 2030. It provides generalized advice on the capacity development roles and responsibilities of various DRR stakeholders, and high-level guidance in six critical areas of need. It is designed to be a living document to reflect changes in needs and trends over time, and this space is envisaged to evolve into a platform to capture and share lessons learned, best practices, and examples.

Background:

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction recognizes the State’s primary role in facilitating the achievement of its disaster risk reduction (DRR) goal and priorities and highlights the criticality of sharing these responsibilities with other stakeholders and realizing an all-of-society approach.

UN Member States have identified a need for implementation support and enhancement of the capacity of institutions and individuals dealing with DRR, and in implementation of the technical support requirements of the Sendai Framework itself. Without adequate capacity and mechanisms for its implementation, it will be impossible to achieve the Sendai Framework targets. The pursuit of more collaborative and coordinated efforts to deal with increasingly limited resources is required as global progress towards meeting DRR targets advances.

Given this need, from mid-2017 to March 2018, the UNISDR facilitated consultations and study of prevailing DRR-specific capacity development needs of Member States in collaboration with UN entities, partners, and DRR stakeholders for the purpose of developing a more effective strategic approach, during which a broad range of needs, ideas, and approaches were identified and assessed, a baseline notion of success emerged.

This Strategic Approach is therefore a living resource of empowerment for all relevant capacity partners and stakeholders, and its goal A Vision of Risk-Informed Sustainable Development by 2030. It provides generalized advice on the capacity development roles and responsibilities of various DRR stakeholders, and high-level guidance in six critical areas of need:

  1. Developing and Strengthening DRR Fundamentals
  2. Institutionalizing DRR Capacity
  3. Sharing and Using Risk Information Before and After Disasters
  4. Establishing Collaborative Action for DRR at the National and Local Levels
  5. Strengthening External Support Mechanisms
  6. Advancing and Expanding DRR Capabilities

 

View full concise guide [PDF, 1,348 KB]

View executive summary & introduction [PDF, 104 KB]

SECTION 1:

Understanding Capacity Development Obstacles & Challenges [PDF, 110 KB]

This section addresses: The impact of capacity shortfalls on disaster risk reduction progress; Why a strategic approach is required; Obstacles and challenges to effective capacity development for disaster risk reduction; Linking capacity development for DRR to Agenda 2030, The Paris Agreement, and other initiatives.

SECTION 2:

Capacity Development in the Disaster Risk Reduction Context [PDF, 126 KB]

This section addresses the definitions of capacity development and capacity within the DRR context;
Capacity domains, types and levels; Principles of capacity development for DRR; Foundational elements of effective CD for DRR; Pursuing CD according to a ‘Theory of Change’; the CD for DRR process.

SECTION 3:

View all Action Areas for Capacity Development for DRR [PDF, 238 KB] or download by area below

The consultative process revealed several areas for action and attention where notable influence on the capacity development (CD) process and/or the outcome of DRR for CD efforts has been identified. For each of the 18 Action Areas identified, possible actions, activities, and interventions that address the required capacity are provided. Each Action Area is presented in fact-sheet format for ease of use.

Action Areas have been grouped into 6 areas for clarity. The topics included in this list will change with time as capacities are enhanced and as new needs and corresponding actions arise. The six areas for action include:

1: Developing and Strengthening DRR Fundamentals [PDF, 100 KB]

The capacity to conduct the required activities and make relevant decisions is contingent on the existence of accurate and actionable data and information, the knowledge of how to use that data and information for planning purposes, and the ability to link it all back to the Sendai Framework goals and targets that the collective global risk experience has produced. This area cover 4 Action Areas:

  • Ensuring use of loss and risk information
  • Disaster risk-informed development plans
  • Funding and resource mobilization for DRR
  • Monitoring of Sendai Framework implementation

2: Institutionalizing DRR Capacity [PDF, 110 KB]

Stakeholders both within and outside of government must work together and must integrate DRR considerations into all the work they do, including work that involves assessing or developing the capacity required. This area cover 3 Action Areas:

  • Understanding Links Between Disaster Risk Reduction and Sustainable Development
  • Understanding Climate Risk Across Sectors
  • High-Level Awareness and Cross-Sectoral Understanding of DRR

3: Sharing and Using Risk Information Before and After Disasters [PDF, 94 KB]

Any development activity conducted in the absence of information on risk and vulnerability is likely to exacerbate community or country risk, but the ability to receive and act on such information is not intrinsic. And just as risk information is vital to pre-disaster development and preparedness activities, it is key to avoiding the roots of risk and vulnerability in the aftermath of disasters during recovery and reconstruction. This area cover 3 Action Areas:

  • Conducting Effective Risk Communication and Knowledge Management
  • Enhancing Disaster Preparedness and Planning for “Build Back Better”
  • Understanding the Economics of DRR

4: Establishing Collaborative Action for DRR [PDF, 94 KB]

Disaster risk reduction is everyone’s responsibility, from the household level to the national government level. At the other end of the spectrum, when disaster risk is shared across international borders or where hazards that exist or are created in one country threaten people, property, or the environment in another country, the capacity needs to address those issues likewise become interconnected and concerted action is required. This area cover 3 Action Areas:

  • Establishing an ‘All-of-Society’ Approach
  • DRR at Local Government Level
  • DRR at Community Level

5: Strengthening External Support Mechanisms [PDF, 90 KB]

There are many opportunities for external partners to provide capacity development (CD) support. This area cover 3 Action Areas:

  • South-South and Peer-to-Peer Mechanisms
  • UN Country Teams
  • Humanitarian Development Nexus

6: Advancing and Expanding DRR Capabilities [PDF, 86 KB]

Current and future generations of DRR professionals need the right skills and resources to do what is required of them. Innovation, fueled by investments in research and development, offers many new and unexpected opportunities to close capacity gaps. This area cover 2 Action Areas:

  • Education for Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Innovation and Use of Technology for DRR

SECTION 4:

Stakeholders and Partners [PDF, 123 KB]

Effective capacity development (CD) depends on the involvement of all stakeholders, all partners, and all of society. Stakeholders may become involved as a provider of CD assistance, as a recipient of training or some other benefit through interventions, or perhaps a mix of provider and recipient roles. During the consultative process, workshop and survey participants worked to characterize in broad and inclusive terms the CD for DRR roles and responsibilities of each of the following stakeholder categories for which roles and responsibilities are listed:

  • NGOs and CSOs
  • Academia
  • Individuals and Households
  • Regional Organizations Including IGOs
  • The UN, IGOs, and IFIs

SECTION 5:

Anchors for Effective Capacity Development for DRR [PDF, 119 KB]

Operationalization of the strategic approach by stakeholders engaged in capacity development (CD) for DRR must be comprehensive and sustained. This section elaborates anchors that can help to strengthen and institutionalize CD and the actions required to make it successful, including through:

  • Raising awareness on need for capacity development and strategic plans for CD
  • Nationally-based and Sendai Framework-relevant evaluation indicators
  • Expanding South-South, triangular and other opportunities through a marketplace
  • Providing nationally- and locally-relevant Sendai Framework-focused target capability standards
  • Strengthening advancement and professionalization of DRR capacities and capabilities
  • United Nations engagements

Appendices [PDF, 639 KB]

Appendix 1: Relationships Between the Strategic Approach and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (Sendai Framework) [PDF, 206 KB]

Appendix 2: The Consultative Process and List of Consultations [PDF, 325 KB]

Appendix 3: Select Capacity Development Planning Tools, list with links [PDF, 206 KB]

Appendix 4: Capacity Development Obstacles [PDF, 321 KB]

Appendix 5: Driving Principles of Effective Capacity Development [PDF, 247 KB]

Appendix 6: Foundational Elements of Effective Capacity Development [PDF, 223 KB]

Appendix 7: Capacity Development Planning Questionnaire [PDF, 192 KB]

Appendix 8: Checklist of Capacity Development for Disaster Risk Reduction Principles [PDF, 265 KB]

Appendix 9: Checklist of Common Capacity Development for Disaster Risk Reduction Obstacles [PDF, 495 KB]

Appendix 10: Capacity Development Process, 6 steps [PDF, 472 KB]

Appendix 11: Proposed Indicators for Monitoring and Evaluation of Capacity Development for Disaster Risk Reduction [PDF, 415 KB]

Appendix 12: Summary of Priority Areas and Actions for Capacity Development [PDF, 207 KB]

Appendix 13: Capacity Development Strategy Examples and Guidance [PDF, 197 KB]

References and Key Resources [PDF, 104 KB]

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