The Paris Agreement, adopted at the 21st Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 2015 (UNFCCC) aims to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change, in the context of sustainable development and efforts to eradicate poverty.
Parties to the UNFCCC committed to accelerating and intensifying the actions and investments needed for a sustainable low carbon future and to put forward their best efforts through “nationally determined contributions” (NDCs).
The Paris Agreement and the outcomes of the UN climate conference (COP21) cover the following areas:
- Mitigation – reducing emissions fast enough to achieve the temperature goal
- A transparency system and global stock-take – accounting for climate action
- Adaptation – strengthening ability of countries to deal with climate impacts
- Loss and damage – strengthening ability to recover from climate impacts
- Support – including finance, for nations to build clean, resilient futures