Research briefs

Mounting evidence suggests the need for improved water planning strategies and revamped hydrological models.
A burned out car sits among the remains of a burned neighborhood from wildfires, healthy vegetation in the background
As wildfires increase and burn more human-made material, more research is needed on the release of toxic materials into watersheds, according to a new review.
Indian farmer working in a field in front of a water sprinkler
Collective groundwater pumping by millions of farmers in Bangladesh in the dry season each year has created vast natural reservoirs underground that, over a 30-year-period, rival the world’s largest dams, sustaining irrigation for the country.
Houston residents clean up debris after heavy flooding brought about by Hurricane Harvey
Researchers recommend that school districts create specific emergency plans to prepare for future disasters – and that the emergency plan should focus on mental health, especially for educators.
Food insecurity is a social justice issue. People who are part of historically marginalized groups at greater risk of food insecurity, including Two-Spirit, lesbian, gay, bi, trans, and other sexually and gender diverse (2SLGBTQ+) groups.
A firefighter surveys wildfire damage in Queensland, Australia
A machine learning model can evaluate the effectiveness of different management strategies.
Cooling fan
More than 80% of urban residents will need air-conditioning by the 2050s, but many of the world’s poorer countries may struggle to meet that demand.
Researchers from the University of Zurich have analyzed the frequency, intensity and length of such extreme events for five Swiss cities. Lugano and Geneva would be most affected.
There is a “significant likelihood” that multiple “tipping points” will be crossed if global temperatures exceed 1.5C above pre-industrial levels, new research suggests.
Weather records are being filled by what seems at first glance an unlikely source: a massive project to photograph and transcribe daily registers kept by the Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie (VOC), or Dutch East India Company, between 1651 and 1795.