Listeriosis is a foodborne infection caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes which can be invasive (the more serious form of the disease) or non-invasive (the milder form of the disease). Listeriosis outbreaks occur in all countries and can be a significant public health concern (WHO, 2018).
Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is an infectious and contagious respiratory disease of Bovidae caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides SC (Mmm) (OIE, 2018).
Foodborne diseases are transmitted by consumption of contaminated biological food and drink (WHO, 2012). These diseases are caused by eating food contaminated with bacteria, viruses, parasites or chemical substances (WHO, no date).
Diphtheria is a widespread severe infectious disease caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae and the toxin they produce. It is a potentially life-threatening, vaccine-preventable disease that primarily affects the throat and upper airways and has the potential for epidemics (WHO, 2018).
Trypanosomiasis, human African (sleeping sickness) is caused by protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Trypanosoma transmitted by infected tsetse flies and is endemic in 36 sub-Saharan African countries. Without treatment, the disease is considered fatal, where there are tsetse flies that transmit the disease (WHO, 2020).
Hepatitis B is a vaccine-preventable disease, that is endemic and epidemic worldwide, and caused by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV). HBV can cause both acute and chronic liver disease. Chronic infection puts people at high risk of death from cirrhosis and liver cancer (WHO, 2020).
Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a rare but severe zoonotic viral infectious disease caused by the Ebola virus. It can lead to haemorrhagic fever and is often fatal in humans. EVD can trigger epidemics with high casefatality rates (WHO, 2020).
Shigellosis is an acute invasive enteric infection caused by bacteria belonging to genus Shigella (WHO, 2005).
Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia is a severe disease of goats caused by Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumonIae (Mccp). The acute form of the disease is characterised by unilateral serofibrinous pleuropneumonia with severe pleural fluid (OIE, 2018).
Sexually transmitted diseases are infections transmitted from an infected person to an uninfected person through sexual contact (WHO, no date).

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