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  • Drivers of COVID-19 stay at home orders: Epidemiologic, economic, or political concerns?
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Drivers of COVID-19 stay at home orders: Epidemiologic, economic, or political concerns?

Source(s):  Economics of Disasters and Climate Change (Springer)

What factors affected whether or not a U.S. state governor issued a state-wide stay-at-home order in response to the COVID-19 pandemic of early 2020? Once issued, what factors affected the length of this stay-at-home order? Using duration analysis, we test a number of epidemiological, economic, and political factors for their impact on a state governor’s decision to ultimately issue, and then terminate, blanket stay-at-home orders across the 50 U.S. states.

Results indicate that while epidemiologic and economic variables had some impact on the delay to initiation and length of the stay-at-home orders, political factors dominated both the initiation and ultimate duration of stay-at-home orders across the United States.

While previous studies found that ideology dominates in policy decision making related to pandemics, the authors find a more nuanced result that ideology can certainly dominate (and in this case, it did by size and consistency of significance of a governor’s party affiliation, in particular), but that scientific and economic factors may find their way into these policy decisions related to initiation and lifting of stay-at-home orders as well.



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  • Drivers of COVID-19 stay at home orders: Epidemiologic, economic, or political concerns?
  • Publication date 2020
  • Author(s) Kosnik, Lea-Rachel; Bellas, Allen
  • Number of pages 12 p.
  • ISBN/ISSN 10.1007/s41885-020-00073-0 (DOI)

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