This document discusses the use and opportunities of ICTs and disruptive technologies for disaster risk reduction and management. It sets out important steps that governments, relief agencies, the private sector, the research community and assistance
U.S. governors have pressed for a comprehensive federal infrastructure plan that would provide financial incentives for states to rebuild and reinforce infrastructure. By developing smart cities that embrace modern technology, as some cities are currently doing with private sector help, governments hope to meet these infrastructure objectives and ensure resilience.
KDDI CORPORATION, OYO Corporation and Toyota Motor Corporation looked into establishing an "information support system for the government and local administrations as a measure against disasters" using cutting-edge technologies in IoT and big data analysis. The companies agreed to carry out demonstration experiments with the aim of commercializing this system by 2019.
Government agencies should consider leveraging the internet of things (IoT) and other web-driven technologies to obtain timely and accurate data that can better inform decisions and actions in disaster situations. Using the most current technology could help them more efficiently and safely address these costly disasters.
An automated water gauge is a flood detection unit that monitors river levels. Powered by solar energy it can measure every 15 minutes and transmit the data across a mobile phone network to a centralised online server where the information then can be analysed. Since 2013 they have substantially improved the responsiveness of the flood early warning system in Cambodia.
Technological advancements, such as open data, drones, and early warning systems, can play a critical role during and after disasters like Hurricane Harvey. These technologies can significantly counteract the impact of natural disasters by providing up-to-date information about flood levels and shelter locations.
Low-cost sensors will be deployed across Dublin to monitor rainfall, weather conditions and river levels, and communicate data wirelessly to Dublin City Council’s operations team, which will analyse water levels and take appropriate action.
A team of researchers at the Advanced Institute of Industrial Technology has developed a low-cost system to predict river flooding for developing countries, using "Internet of things" technology to collect and analyze massive amounts of data from sensors placed along rivers. They plan to further develop it in order to find practical solutions for developing tropical countries.
Technology plays its part in getting data and messages to partners and the public who need to prepare for, and respond to, flood events. With the increasing availability of data created by communities about their local environment, we could see the integration of more crowd-sourced data into technology to help make decisions based on the best possible information.
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Sudden storms called “guerrilla downpours” have been hitting with increasing frequency over the past five decades and are now considered a growing disaster threat. As municipalities struggle to deal with the increase in floods, companies are proposing new technology based on what they say is their only useful lead in predicting flood risk — manhole covers.