Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2013
From Shared Risk to Shared Value: the Business Case for Disaster Risk Reduction

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i Urban produced capital is the produced capital in urban areas with more than 2,000 inhabitants.
ii Countries and territories for which no data on urban produced capital is available could not be included in the risk modelling exercise. These include: American Samoa, Andorra, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Azores Islands, Baker Island, Bassas da India, Bird Island, Bouvet Island, British Indian Ocean Territory, Christmas Island, Clipperton Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Cook Islands, Dhekelia and Akrotiri SBA, Europa Island, French Guernsey, Glorioso Island, Guam, Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Holy See, Howland Island, Isle of Man, Jarvis Island, Jersey, Johnston Atoll, Juan de Nova Island, Kingman Reef, Liancourt Rock, Madeira Islands, Midway Island, Nauru, Navassa Island, Netherlands Antilles, Niue, Norfolk Island, Northern Mariana Islands, Palmyra Atoll, Paracel Islands, Pitcairn, Romania, Saint Helena, Saint Pierre et Miquelon, Scarborough Reef, Senkaku Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Southern and Antarctic Territories, Spratl Islands, Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tromelin Island, Wake Island, Wallis and Futuna.
iv In countries where only a small proportion of urban produced capital is at risk, there is less chance of business and supply chain interruption and a greater likelihood of rapid recovery. In contrast, where a significant proportion of the urban produced capital is at risk, it is more likely that business will be interrupted owing to infrastructure damage and supply chain disruption and that recovery of the economy as a whole will be slower.
v Exposure is here estimated overlapping the urban produced capital with the cyclonic wind hazard for a return period of 250 years, with wind speed higher than 50 Km/h.
vi Capital exposed to cyclonic wind speed higher than 150 km/h for 250 year return period. This is a proxy for the exposure as it does not take into account flooding owing to tropical cyclones.
vii Data are as of 5 Dec. 2012 by National Police Agency, Japanese Government ( pdf).
viii 1USD=JPY81.84. The estimate was reported in June 2011 by Cabinet Office, Japanese Government ( oshirase/h23/110624-1kisya.pdf).
ix See Annex 1 for more detail on the methodology.
x The return period attributed for the model needs to be considered as an estimate, and some events might have a slightly lower or higher return period than 500 years.
xi All data related to nuclear power plants and airports at risk from Norwegian Geological Institute and UNEP-GRID.
xii In this graph, (urban) produced capital is used as a reference point for relative risk (rather than gross fixed capital formation) as the total exposure of produced capital needs to be compared with the total stock of produced capital.
xiii ‘Exposure’ here is calculated by overlapping the potential area inundated by an extreme tsunami (return period approximately 500 years) with the population or stock in the area.
xiv Information for this box provided directly to UNISDR by GeoScience Australia.
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