Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2013
From Shared Risk to Shared Value: the Business Case for Disaster Risk Reduction

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i Rural populations are defined here using an Index of Rurality based on population density and the distance between smaller rural and larger urban centres (UNDP, 2011

UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) and UNDP Colombia. 2011.,Informe nacional de desarrollo humano 2011., Bogotá,Colombia.. .
: Colombia Human Development Report).

ii The new countries are Djibouti, East Timor, Ethiopia, Guyana, Jamaica, Kenya, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Mali, Nicaragua, Sri Lanka, Uganda, Uruguay, Viet Nam, plus 22 countries that have developed a joint Pacific islands regional loss database: American Samoa; Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; Marshall Islands; Micronesia, Federated States of; Nauru; New Caledonia; Niue; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Pitcairn Islands; Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu; Wallis and Futuna Islands.

iii Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Peru and Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of).
Part I - Chapter 4
extensive disasters are not fully absorbed by government, insurance or international assistance. Parts of these losses are absorbed directly by lowincome rural and urban households but also by SMEs and businesses in the informal sector. Unless these losses are made visible and their fiscal impact understood, it is difficult to justify increased public sector investments in safe and resilient infrastructure. If indirect losses to business from extensive risks could be measured, then the private sector may become a key advocate for increased public sector investment.
(Source: UNISDR, adapted from CIMNE et al., 2013b)
Figure 4.8 Absolute AAL (left) and AAL relative to GFCF (right), both calculated from the hybrid risk models of selected countries
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