Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2013
From Shared Risk to Shared Value: the Business Case for Disaster Risk Reduction

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140 Part II - Chapter 8
the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED Neighbourhood Development rating system, which incorporates disaster risk reduction concepts, particularly with regard to flood protection. xxi If these and other similar certification programmes can be expanded and fully include risk neutrality within their criteria, they can become another powerful incentive for businesses to invest in disaster risk reduction.
At the same time, the construction of resilient infrastructure can also be a key value contribution. As Box 8.12 shows, PPPS can be used to reduce risks and shared costs. Resilient infrastructure systems underpin resilient business and resilient business underpins prosperous cities and countries.
i The urban population of Asia more than tripled between 1970 and 2011, from 506 million to 1,895 million, and is projected to increase to 2,703 million by 2030 (UNDESA, 2012

UNDESA (United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs). 2012.,World Urbanization Prospects: The 2011 Revision Highlights., United Nations publication., New York,USA.. .
). The urban population of Africa almost quintupled between 1970 and 2011, from 87 million to 414 million and is expected to reach 744 million by 2030. Latin America and the Caribbean have a far slower urban growth rate than other regions, but this is only because a very high proportion of its population already lives in urban areas.
ii UNDESA World Population Prospects, the 2010 revision:
iii Expressed in 2010 prices and exchange rates.
vi e.g. the Flood and Water Management Act, 2010.
viii The value is expressed in 2005 US dollars; the GDP deflator is taken from World Development Indicators of the World Bank. Countries are classified according to GNP per capita: low-income countries = US$1,025 or less; lower middle-income countries = US$1,026 to US$4,035; upper middle-income countries = US$ 4,036 to US$12,475.
x The database covers infrastructure projects in energy, tele-communications and transport and water sectors of low and middle-income countries that meet three criteria: a) projects that are owned or managed by private companies, b) projects that directly or indirectly serve the public and c) projects that reached financial closure after 1983. For the detailed database description please see: (accessed 28th February 2013).
xi The Dutch word “polder” refers to dry land created by enclosing floodplains (or shallow waters) with dykes.

xii For more information on the Dutch “Room for the Rivers Programme” see: Government of Netherlands, and http://www.
xvi See Government of Maharashtra: http://www.visionmumbai. org/images/projects/Document_EC%2039th%20%20meeting%20 minutes_Final_120412120808.pdf (accessed 25/2/2013); http:// (accessed 25/2/2013); http://india. (accessed 25/2/2013).
xvii Information provided directly to UNISDR. For more information on Quito’s water utility, see:
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