IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society. As the leading international organization for migration, IOM provides services and advice to governments and migrants, and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and nongovernmental partners and its partners in the international community to: • Assist in meeting the growing operational challenges of migration management; • Advance understanding of migration issues; • Encourage social and economic development through migration; • Uphold the human dignity and well-being of migrants. The IOM Constitution gives explicit recognition to the link between migration and economic, social and cultural development, as well as to the right of freedom of movement of persons. IOM works in four areas of migration management: migration and development, facilitating migration, regulating migration, and addressing forced migration. Cross-cutting activities include the promotion of international migration law, policy debate and guidance, protection of migrants’ rights, migration health and gender.
Disaster Reduction Goal
IOM is strongly committed to the DRR agenda and to the implementation of risk reduction and climate change adaptation activities. Its main DRR goals are to: • Preventing forced migration by reducing exposure and vulnerability to hazards; • Ensuring that migration, and in particular forced movement, takes place in a humane and orderly manner, to reduce the risk faced by people on the move; • Promoting and enabling mobility both as a life-saving and as a livelihood strategy, which allows people to anticipate, and respond to, hazards and that multiplies their options for well-being. These objectives aim ultimately to bridge and integrate the humanitarian agenda with long-term sustainable development plans.
Policies and Programmes in DRR
IOM has increasingly been implementing DRR, DRM and CCA activities, aligning its operations to the priorities for action of the HFA. The Organization is active in expanding the understanding of the linkages between mobility and the vulnerability and resilience of people at risk, as well as of their communities of origin and of destination, in order to promote mobility as an essential component of the DRR agenda. IOM aims at defining mobility-based indicators of vulnerability and resilience with the hope of contributing to measuring and reducing human and economic losses to disasters.
Membership in Key Networks
• Senior Manager’s Group on Disaster Risk and Resilience of the High Level Committee for Programming (HLCP) • Inter-Agency Group on DRR • Climate Change, Environment, and Migration Alliance (CCEMA) • Informal group on Migration/ Displacement and Climate Change of the IASC • Numerous regional and country membership in DRR platforms
Making disaster risk reduction a policy priority, institutional strengthening (HFA 1)
IOM has provided technical assistance to national and local authorities to include mobility management and mobility-based DRR measures in national policies and has built their capacity to implement such policies, such as in Colombia, Nepal, Thailand, Haiti, Dominican Republic, and Namibia.
Risk assessment and early warning systems (HFA 2)
IOM monitors disaster risks around the world and has established and enhanced early warning systems in various countries, such as Mozambique and Kenya.
Education, information and public awareness (HFA 3)
IOM has used innovative and educational tools, such as two-way communication through illustrated journals, SMS and cellular phones, radio broadcastings and televised shows to better communicate and raise awareness with vulnerable populations, such as in Haiti and Pakistan.
Reducing underlying risk factors (HFA 4)
IOM has implemented programmes that reduce the underlying risks, such as promoting soil conservation in Haiti or diversifying livelihoods in the Sahel region and Kenya. IOM is especially active in building more resilient communities by integrating long-term risk reduction and development concerns in recovery operations (e.g. through structural and infrastructural development, communicty stabilization, durable solutions to displacement).
Preparedness for effective response (HFA 5)
IOM has worked with communities and institutions around the world to improve their preparedness to respond to natural hazards, and in particular to the mobility consequences of disasters, including in Indonesia, Micronesia, Timor Leste and Myanmar.
• Hyogo Framework, Disaster Risk Reduction and Mobility, contribution to the Crisis Migration Project, Georgetown Institute for the Study of International Migration • IOM Compendium of Activities on Disaster Risk Reduction (2013) Available at: http://publications.iom.int/bookstore/index.php?main_page=product_info&cPath=1&products_id=977&zenid=ia7nsetu8qu095l39g2cvs4a97 • Upcoming: IOM Outlook on Migration, Environment and Climate Change (2013) • Upcoming: People on the Move in a Changing Climate: Comparing the Impact of Environmental Change on Migration in Different Regions of the World (2013) • Upcoming: Atlas of environmental Migration (IOM and Sciences Po) (2013) • Environmental Degradation, Migration, Internal Displacement, and Rural Vulnerabilities in Tajikistan. IOM, Tajikistan, May 2012. Available at: http://publications.iom.int/bookstore/free/Tajikistan2012EnvReport_ENG.pdf • The State of Environmental Migration 2011, IDDRI and IOM (2012): http://publications.iom.int/bookstore/index.php?main_page=product_info&cPath=1&products_id=893 • The Other Migrants, Preparing for Change: Environmental Changes and Migration in the Republic of Mauritius (2011) http://publications.iom.int/bookstore/index.php?main_page=product_info&cPath=41_7&products_id=695 • The State of Environmental Migration 2010 IDDRIIOM. (2011): http://publications.iom.int/bookstore/index.php?main_page=product_info&cPath=1&products_id=757
Disaster Risk Reduction Focal Point(s)
HQ Focal Points: Louis Hoffmann, Head of Transition and Recovery Division (firstname.lastname@example.org), +41 22 717 9475 Patrice Quesada, Transition and Recovery Officer (email@example.com), +41 22 717 9955 Dina Ionesco, Policy Officer, Migration, Environment and Climate Change (firstname.lastname@example.org), +41 22 717 9481 Dan Salmon, Project Support Officer (email@example.com), Tel. +41 22 717 9431 Lorenzo Guadagno, DRR, Livelihoods and Urbanization Consultant (firstname.lastname@example.org), Tel. +41 22 717 9566 Regional Focal Points: Christopher Hoffman, Emergency and Post Crisis Specialist, Bangkok (email@example.com), Off: +66 2 343 9405, Mobile: +66 81 915 6980 Bogdan Danila, Senior Emergency and Post Crisis Specialist, Pretoria/Nairobi (firstname.lastname@example.org), +27 124 239 714 Stéphane Rostiaux, Regional Emergency and Post Crisis Specialist, Dakar (email@example.com), +221 33 869 62 00 Rana Jaber, Regional Emergency and Post Crisis Specialist, Cairo (firstname.lastname@example.org) Christopher Gascon, Emergency and Post Crisis Specialist, Panama (email@example.com) Relevant Sections: Transition and Recovery Division (TRD), Geneva (firstname.lastname@example.org) International Partnerships and Cooperation (ICP), Geneva (email@example.com)