NCCARF Publication 26/12:
Focused on four disaster-impacted communities in Australia - Beechworth, Bendigo, Ingham and Innisfail, this report makes recommendations for emergency management and local government policies. It presents a study that used Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological systems theory to analyse individual and, by proxy, community resilience to disasters. The theory provided a comprehensive framework to evaluate the interacting factors that support resilience across different disaster sites and communities. While Bronfenbrenner’s theory has been used extensively, the authors believe that this is the first time it has been used to model disaster resilience.
The main goals of the study were to:
1. Identify private and public sector groups’ beliefs, behaviours and policies that have supported community resilience to a disaster event;
2. Examine the commonalities of the experience for the four types of disaster – drought, flood, fire and cyclone, and the possible impact of their respective intensities, duration and perceived frequency, as well as how well communities cope with the unexpected;
3. Assess the degree of community resilience in each of four study sites in disaster affected areas; and
4. Construct a model with findings to help implement appropriate and equitable emergency management policies and mitigation strategies for climate change events.
The report states that disasters disrupt multiple levels of socio-cultural systems in which lives are embedded, and supports a key hypothesis that individuals remaining in the disaster impacted communities were likely to be resilient to disaster.
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