National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change – those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage.
Climate change will increase the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as droughts, floods, landslides and heat waves. The events of the past few years clearly illustrated the magnitude of the problem. Although rigorous and detailed vulnerability and adaptation options were not done for Uganda, the literature review analysis of empirical information and observations by the communities during the participatory rural appraisal has given interesting results.
In Uganda the frequency of droughts has increased, for example seven droughts were experienced between 1991 and 2000. This is confirmed by the results of the PRA, which rated droughts as the most frequent event. An increase in intensities and frequency of heavy rains, floods, landslides in the highland areas as well as outbreaks of associated waterborne diseases with the floods was also observed and confirmed by the PRA results.
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