Countries most affected in the period of 1990-2008: Bangladesh, Myanmar and Honduras have been identified to be the most affected. They are followed by Viet Nam and Nicaragua, Haiti and India The map shows the ten most affected countries (Down 10), with their average ranking (CRI score) and the specific results in the four indicators analysed.
The Global Climate Risk Index (CRI) developed by Germanwatch analyses the quantified impacts of extreme weather events2 – both in terms of people that have died from them, as well as economic losses that occurred – based on data from Munich Re´s Nat-CatSERVICE® which is one of the most reliable and complete data bases on this matter.
It looks at absolute and relative impacts, and results in an average ranking of countries in four indicators, with the countries ranking highest being those most impacted. It does not include the factor “affected people” – those that have suffered in different ways but have not died from the events – because the reliability and comparability of this indicator across all of the world’s countries is significantly lower than that of the other indicators.
1 Munich RE, 2009; many more died from the indirect consequences which, however, are more difficult to account to the original cause of the extreme event.
However, the figures for affected people imply more severe impacts in particular for African countries than the Climate Risk Index suggests. Thus, the Climate Risk Index does not provide an all-encompassing analysis of the risks from anthropogenic climate change to countries, but should be seen as a piece in the puzzle of an analysis of countries´ exposure and vulnerability to climate-related risks, based on the most reliable quantified data.
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