One of the main environmental problems of the Central Asian region in the near future will be climate change. All countries in the region are already facing, to varying degrees, with extreme effects of climate change. Among the results of this process are aridity (desertification), the impact on agriculture and biodiversity, the increase of natural disasters, lack of water and salt intrusion, as well as the impact on public health.
This represents a significant risk to the community of people who are facing the prospect of losing their sources of income, suffer from adverse health effects, and may be forced to leave their lands and homes.
President of Turkmenistan at the Global Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro in June 2012, proposed to establish of the Regional Centre in Ashgabat on technologies related to climate change.
Regional Centre for technologies related to climate change will focus its activities on issues of climate change adaptation, and on climate change mitigation in an effort to become a sub-assembly to facilitate technology transfer.
In the area of adaptation to climate change, the Centre will cover the following areas related to sustainable development - irrigation in agriculture / crop yields, pasture productivity, access to clean drinking water, desertification, land degradation and salinization, loss of biodiversity, deforestation, mitigation and the emergence of emergencies (associated with a reduced risk of accidents), human health problems associated with increasing risk due to climate change, it is-water - energy – agriculture.
In the area of mitigation center will cover areas related to decisions on the sustainable use of energy: energy efficiency, renewable energy.
Support innovative and viable clean technology companies / project ideas that can meet the needs of the region in expanding measures to climate change adaptation and mitigation;
• Gain knowledge management and exchange of best practices, including traditional knowledge, climate change adaptation and mitigation technologies;
• Facilitating the transfer of technology in the practical application in the field of climate change adaptation and mitigation;
• Provision of advanced advisory services to interested parties in the Central African Republic on the construction of the best technology transfer;
• Facilitating access to funding for projects of "clean technologies".
- Transition to a complex and dynamic planning for sustainable development of the region in the future, taking into account climate change projections in the medium and long term.
- Increased awareness and understanding of issues among stakeholders on climate change and its impact on people's lives.
Regional Center for technologies related to climate change will provide an annual report on its activities to the Governments in the region. It is proposed to carry out regular reporting through existing regional political bodies and forums such as the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea and the Interstate Commission on Sustainable Development in Central Asia.
The report will contain all information about the activities carried out by the Regional Centre on efficiency and effectiveness in dealing with these requests, the ongoing work, as well as lessons learned and best practices gained in this work.
Mr Hemra Amannazarov
First Secretary, Permanent Mission of Turkmenistan to the United Nations Office at Geneva