Concept of UN Global-Sat
Successful efforts of UN, Government agencies, Corporations and NGO’s worldwide in the application of satellite technologies for the management of numerous disasters had notable outcomes in terms of saving human lives and resources.
The need for the UN driven global initiative is responsive to the national/ regional and globally interconnected disaster and environmental management efforts, which involves every country and knows no geographic boundaries. No single country can afford to develop such complete set of sensors and satellite system needed for forecasting, monitoring and mitigating disasters like floods, drought, typhoons, earthquakes, wild fires, windstorms, tidal events etc.
By creating common data and access standards across communities and by working together as one disaster response system of systems, agencies and emergency management teams can improve their level of preparedness before a natural disaster occurs. Such an approach also allows them to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of their response during recovery and, by analyzing a combination of remotely sensed satel¬lite and in-situ data, better mitigate natural hazard risks for the future.
CANEUS, a global non-profit organization, is organizing a Workshop that attempts to define technical, policy, financial issues, and frame an implementation plan for the UN Global-Sat constellation contributing to the post-2015-framework for disaster risk reduction. The goal is to establish a public/private partnership that would create a low-cost, internationally shared data collection and distribution backbone in space with no barriers to entry for participating nations.
Vision for the CANEUS initiated UN led Global-Sat constellation is to create a common platform that allows sharing of space and data segments with ability to serve as a strong tool for nation’s disaster management and development needs.
The UN Global-Sat is an opportunity for constructive engagement in space technology to increase nations’ capacity tailored to specific disaster management requirements.
A framework needs to be established that provides for the planning, implementation and management of the continuing operations associated with the UN Global-Sat System. The cooperative of Nation States interested in the Nano-satellite based constellation should be organized under an international charter and subsequently provide the administration for the organization’s transition through each building phase of the International Collaborative. Development of the charter, business framework, and phases of maturation is the target.
It is proposed that the UN Global-Sat Constellation be transitioned and maintained as an international consortium sharing the costs of operating and maintaining the constellation.
The operational concept requires partners in the consortium to share segments’ architecture and the level of participation is inherently flexible as partner nations may choose whether to build or buy a satellite, ground terminals, and processing tools based on the information and standards initially provided in the development phase.
An economical data sharing cost structure mechanism needs to be created for an international data policy framework commensurate with the underlying need for globally shared data, which must transcend the regionally restrictive and costly subscription model that most existing commercial satellite data collection services currently use and, be consistent with a viable business case for the satellite hardware and services.
March 2015 to April 2018
Dr Milind Pimprikar