After Three Mile Island, Chernobyl and Fukushima, further nuclear disasters unfortunately may again become a reality. At international and national levels there exist guidelines for preparedness and response in an emergency situation. However most of the documents on nuclear emergency do not deal with the human rights aspects involved in these situations. It is a common responsibility to anticipate all aspects of nuclear disaster management, taking into account legal, medical, social and economic aspects. After a workshop in Geneva on human rights and nuclear disasters, sharing views between lawyers and doctors on 28 February 2014 and a conference in Tokyo at the Waseda University on 14-15 October 2014, a group of lawyers and physicians from France, Japan, Germany and Switzerland wrote recommendations in part based on the statement of the special rapporteur of the Human rights Council of the United Nations Anand Grover on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health after Fukushima. (Please see the attachment).
The main goal is the adoption by the 2015 WCDRR of the measures on the international and national level recommended by the CIDCE about the post nuclear disasters management taking into account human rights. Then we will disseminate information and teaching about the consequences of nuclear disasters and push the nuclear states to adopt emergency nuclear plan with a human right approach.
The recommendations answer to these questions: How should we protect human rights before, during and after a nuclear disaster? Are International and national regulations up to date with the international human rights law? How to manage health issues and genetic consequences of ionizing radiation including low dose radiation? How to organize large scale evacuation in densely populated area? When, who and which body should render information to the population? When to distribute iodine prophylaxis? How to provide continued monitoring of the impact of radiation on health and should this be done by independent groups? How to manage sites where radioactive wastes are stored? How to ensure fair and quick compensation for affected persons?
By informing all the parties of the Sendai conference about the necessity of a medical and a legal approach of post disaster management of nuclear accidents and by following the adoption of new international convention on nuclear disasters and new national law and regulation on the management of nuclear disasters.
From March 2015 until fulfilment of new legislation and regulations on human rights and management of post nuclear disaster.
Mr Michel Prieur
Chairman, Centre International de Droit Comparé de l'Environnement