In nations from Somalia to Pakistan, the world's poorest and most fragile communities are facing the harshest impacts of climate change - a reality that is driving worsening poverty, potential for conflict and resentment against major polluters.
The paper explores existing literature on systemic, cascading, and compound risks, using a secondary literature review and content analysis. It provides a conceptual overview of the risks with an analysis of 40 case studies in the Asia Pacific region
Systems that provide better quality services in normal times have to a large extent better capacity to respond to crises. Many reforms, with minor twists, can therefore support both long-term development outcomes.
This training provides an opportunity for local authorities and urban development practitioners to mutually learn and share experience in transitioning to managing complex risks and a resilient future.