Early Warning

This paper examines the efficiency of the existing early warning systems (EWS) and emergency preparedness in the Sundarban Biosphere Reserve (SBR) in India.
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction (Elsevier)
Nigeria’s EPCON AI project has been cited as a world leading programme for pandemic preparedness by a new report.
Nigerian Tribune
Early Warning Systems are a proven and feasible means of helping people to adapt to climate change. Such systems can provide up to a tenfold return on investment by saving lives and livelihoods in the case of extreme weather events
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Boat full of researchers exploring Antarctica.
China's domestically developed terahertz testing system successfully withstands extreme Antarctic weather in first trial, Purple Mountain Observatory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences told the Global Times on Monday.
Global Times, the
Destroyed house by cyclone Pam that struck Vanuatu in March 2015.
Two destructive Category 4 tropical cyclones, Judy and Kevin, and an earthquake of 6.5 magnitude impacted over 80 per cent of the Vanuatu population from 1 to 3 March 2023.
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Shifting weather, changing settlement patterns and a lack of preparedness mean that dryland areas are most at risk from flooding. Researchers need to focus on data collection, early-warning systems, flood protection and more.
Springer Nature
Four African women sitting next to each other on a bench in a room of people.
The discussion about gender and disasters has been ongoing for decades. Unfortunately, the scale of the challenge – ensuring gender doesn’t impact how they are able to respond to, and recover from, a disaster – means that it will continue for decades.
Anticipation Hub

Early warning system

Early warning system

An integrated system of hazard monitoring, forecasting and prediction, disaster risk assessment, communication and preparedness activities systems and processes that enables individuals, communities, governments, businesses and others to take timely action to reduce disaster risks in advance of hazardous events.

Annotations: Effective “end-to-end” and “people-centred” early warning systems may include four interrelated key elements: (1) disaster risk knowledge based on the systematic collection of data and disaster risk assessments; (2) detection, monitoring, analysis and forecasting of the hazards and possible consequences; (3) dissemination and communication, by an official source, of authoritative, timely, accurate and actionable warnings and associated information on likelihood and impact; and (4) preparedness at all levels to respond to the warnings received. These four interrelated components need to be coordinated within and across sectors and multiple levels for the system to work effectively and to include a feedback mechanism for continuous improvement. Failure in one component or a lack of coordination across them could lead to the failure of the whole system.

Multi-hazard early warning systems address several hazards and/or impacts of similar or different type in contexts where hazardous events may occur alone, simultaneously, cascadingly or cumulatively over time, and taking into account the potential interrelated effects. A multi-hazard early warning system with the ability to warn of one or more hazards increases the efficiency and consistency of warnings through coordinated and compatible mechanisms and capacities, involving multiple disciplines for updated and accurate hazards identification and monitoring for multiple hazards.

Author Name
Sylvain Ponserre
Resiliencetech winners
The competition aimed to demonstrate that data is not just for experts and scientists but should be available for local communities on the front line of disasters to understand and act accordingly.
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction – Regional Office for the Americas and the Caribbean Uruguay - government