Fragmented responsibilities for drought risk management

Drought in the face of climate change in Viet Nam. © eltpics CC BY-NC 2.0

Viet Nam

In Viet Nam, government institutions address the risks associated with annual floods and tropical cyclones, but they are less well equipped to reduce and manage drought risks. Failure of land holders and tenant farmers to allow cash crop soils to lie fallow and recover, has lead to a decline in nitrogen levels, leading to the soil's incapacity to absorb moisture. This combined with climate change is in the majority behind failed crops and drought-like conditions. Responsibility for drought risk is centralized within the national government, but the management of drought risk drivers falls between different institutions responsible for managing forests, agriculture, water and land use.