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Mainstreaming Community-Based Mitigation in City Governance

A focus group discussion in Barangay Lasip Chico © CDP

Philippines

The project is part of a larger initiative called "Program for Hydro-Meteorological Mitigation for Secondary Cities in Asia" (PROMISE), a programme that covers several countries in Asia. It is considered to be innovative because it seeks to mainstream CBDRM into city good governance. Implemented in the City of Dagupan, north of Manila on Luzon Island in northern Philippines, by CDP. The five components of the project were: (1) CBDRM Participatory Risk Assessment (PRA) Training of Trainers for the City Officials, who in turn provide training to communities; (2) Reactivation of the City Disaster Coordinating Council and Barangay* Disaster Coordinating Council; (3) Institutionalization of a school "Disaster Safety Day"; (4) Celebration of the Disaster Safety Day in all schools in Pangasinan Province (where Dagupan City is located); (5) Developing and implementing a City Disaster Risk Reduction Plan. The project has been instrumental in bridging the gap between high-level officials and the community through disaster risk communication and understanding of development projects.

Mainstreaming community-based disaster risk management (CBDRM) in good governance is a good practice. Indeed, when the NGO and other partner agencies leave the city, residents are already equipped with tools to advance disaster risk reduction. The convergence of a community-level approach and City government's participation also helps to ensure sustainability and ownership. The regional network facilitated by the Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) ensures replication and wider practice. And the active involvement of City Government and village officials ensures the overall success of the project.

*Barangay means "village". It is the smallest administrative unit in both rural and urban settings in the Philippines.

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