Mangrove restoration more successful with hybrid approach

Mangrove restoration in Java, Indonesia. © Stephen Kennedy CC BY 2.0


Hybrid approaches using mangrove reforestation in combination with common structural solutions have been developed to reduce delta and coastal vulnerability and to create socioeconomic benefits at the same time. For example, in north-central Java, Indonesia, mangrove belts were widely promoted but did not stabilize eroding coastlines and could not be restored successfully due to the morphology of the shoreline.

Instead, the coast continued to degrade at an alarming rate. However, a combination of permeable structures on the one hand and engineering techniques on the other enabled enough sediment to accumulate, thus creating sufficient elevation for the mangroves to colonize naturally.

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