Climate change forced migration from urbanized areas: the future for India

Washing laundry in the Ganges at sunset. © mIss_mIllIons CC BY 2.0


In countries such as India, where the urban population is projected to grow by approximately 500 million over the next 50 years anyway, increased drought and flooding in the very densely populated Indo-Gangetic and Brahmaputra basins and in the coastal plains, may precipitate waves of migration that Indian cities are not well placed to absorb. Already major metropolitan areas such as Delhi, Mumbai-Pune and Kolkata are suffering from water stress, breakdown of environmental services and other risks, which can only increase under the influence of climate change.

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