Document / Publication
The aim of this report is to support legislators, public administrators, DRR and development practitioners and advocates to prepare and implement effective disaster risk management (DRM) legal frameworks for their country’s needs, drawing on examples and experience from other countries.
The report considers both legislative provisions and stakeholder views on implementation. Its four objectives are to:
(i) present examples of DRR legal provisions from different country contexts and legal systems as a resource for DRM practitioners and legislators; (ii) identify factors that have supported or hindered the implementation of DRR as a priority within DRM laws and selected sectoral laws; (iii) make recommendations for legislators, practitioners, and policy makers engaged in reviewing or drafting DRM laws and selected sectoral laws; (iv) provide an analytical framework against which DRM laws and selected sectoral laws can be assessed at the country level in terms of effective support for DRR.
The report finds that in order to support a whole-of-society approach, legal frameworks for DRR should include institutional mandates, allocate dedicated resources, facilitate the participation of communities, civil society and vulnerable groups, and establish the responsibility and accountability of relevant actors. Effective frameworks facilitate the mainstreaming of DRR into relevant sectors, are sustainable within the available resources and capacity of government at national and local levels, and fit within the overall legal and institutional structure of the country.
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