The Recovery and Peacebuilding Assessment (RPBA) is a joint approach of the United Nations, the World Bank and the European Union to identify and address immediate
and medium-term recovery and peacebuilding requirements while laying the foundations for the elaboration of a longer-term recovery and peacebuilding strategy in a country facing conflict or transitioning out of a conflict-related crisis. It serves as a methodology and/or platform for joint analysis and planning, designed to maximize the effectiveness of national and international recovery and peacebuilding efforts. It was formerly known as Post-Conflict Needs Assessment (PCNA).
Understanding the context of conflict, crisis and instability, and assessing the immediate and medium-term recovery and peacebuilding requirements - while laying the foundation for longer-term peacebuilding endeavours - is an essential part of supporting countries to build sustainable peace. RPBAs provide a strategic framework and elaborate a methodology necessary to achieve this.
Whilst the scope of an RPBA will vary depending on the context, an RPBA will, at a minimum, focus on: the conflict and security situation; host government position and capacities; institutional interests; and available resources. The RPBA approach selected for each country will be informed by a thorough understanding of the causes and dynamics of the conflict, including its impact on different sectors (including political, economic and social) and population groups (e.g. women, youth, elderly and disabled). It will also provide a clear picture of key recovery and peacebuilding needs and priorities across different sectors, as well as the strategies and resources required to address them.