This paper presents a comparative study on how governance systems and development situations have shaped progress on disaster risk management (DRM). It reviews a select number of different governance systems in terms of their institutional structures (centralized and decentralized), distribution or power and decision making authority, capacities and resources, and role of stakeholders among other characteristics.
The analysis draws on a variety of governance, risk management adaptation indices as well as secondary literature from across a range of countries and contexts. It assesses different dimensions of disaster risk governance (DRG) and how these have developed since 2005 when the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) was agreed by 168 governments. The aim of the paper is to assess the general direction of change with regard to the institutional, policy and legislative environment, and to identify some of the key drivers of progress towards developing more proactive measures to reduce disaster risk and avoid the creation of risk in the future.