The climate risk profiles are intended to serve as public goods to facilitate upstream country diagnostics, policy dialogue, and strategic planning by providing comprehensive overviews of trends and projected changes in key climate parameters, sector-specific implications, relevant policies and programs, adaptation priorities and opportunities for further actions. South Africa is especially vulnerable to climate change given its water and food insecurity, as well as the potential impacts for health, human settlements, infrastructure, and critical ecosystem services.
The country has integrated its climate change strategies with its development framework in support of robust plans to eliminate poverty and eradicate inequality. A central strategic focus is on the sustainability of the environment, water resources, land management, agriculture, and health. South Africa submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC in 2016 and published its Third National Communication in 2018, in support of the country’s efforts to realize its development goals and increase its resilience to climate change by enhancing mitigation and adaptation efforts.