Risk assessment and early warning systems (HFA 2)
An Evidence-based Comprehensive National and District Disaster Risk Analysis Project has been designed and joint funding from World Bank and European Union has been approved through the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR). The project is expected to produce a multi-hazard national risk assessment and a national risk profile atlas (Rwanda Risk Profile Atlas).
The Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugee Affairs has put in place a system to monitor, store and disseminate hazards and vulnerability information. The Disaster Management and Communication System is at its final phase of development and will be used to provide relevant information to stakeholders for decision making. The system is expected serve as an effective communication system in disaster situation whereby prompts alerts will be received and disaster related data will be collected, processed and disseminated.
The Ministry has also used all kinds of media and information technology in information dissemination, including the radio, TV talk show, Newspaper, website and social networks such as the Facebook and Twitter.
The message is provided in both local and English languages to ensure it reaches the target audience.
The Ministry of Agriculture has also put in place a food security monitoring and disease surveillance structure and conduct regular surveys.
The Ministry of Health has setup a disease reporting system which issues outbreak alerts. The Ministry has also established community policing at all levels as a reporting channel.
The Rwanda Meteorological Agency on the other hand collects monitors and disseminates weather forecasts result to relevant Ministries and stakeholders for decision making and to the public for awareness purposes.
The Rwanda Meteorological Agency (RMA) monitors the prevailing weather condition and disseminates weather forecasts information to various users. The information is used to predict possible droughts and floods and thus facilitates preparedness activities in the event of extremes weather events.
RMA also links with IGAD Climatic Prevention and Application Centre (ICPAC) as a Regional Body in charge of monitoring and assessing the state of climate using climate diagnostics and modeling techniques and disseminate warning predictions to its member states, Rwanda included.
The Ministry of Health (MoH) also issues regular updates on disease outbreaks and work closely with the World Health Organization in the disease notification system. The MoH has established surveillance information and disease notification systems known as Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response or “eIDSR” which assists the country to prepare for possible disease outbreaks and to inform the citizens of disease occurrence inside and outside the Rwandan borders.
Rwanda is involved in the East African DRR initiative through which Disaster Risk and Management Strategy is under development, at its completion will address EAC Region DRR issues.
The Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugees is also a registered and active member of the Regional Disaster Management Centre for Excellence, a regional centre with a vision of enhancing Disaster Risk Reduction, impacting on safety, security and sustainable development and which comprises various Participating States among them Burundi, The DRC, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Seychelles, Tanzania and Uganda.