Disaster Reduction Goal
Controlling natural hazards is difficult and, thus, enhancing social capacity to cope with disasters is one of the most effective ways to manage and reduce disaster risks. JICA, based on the concept of disaster management cycle, has been providing support to enhance the capacity of societies to cope with disasters from a multidisciplinary perspective.
Enhancing the capacity to cope with disasters and reduce damage caused by disasters require capacity to take adequate actions in the phases of disaster prevention (mitigation and preparedness), response, and recovery and reconstruction. JICA has defined the following goals in the respective phases of the disaster management cycle, and has been cooperating with countries to achieve these goals.
Development Strategy Goal 1 (Prevention Phase): Development of disaster-resilient communities and societies
Development Strategy Goal 2 (Response Phase): Quick and effective delivery of emergency assistance to victims (Saving human lives)
Development Strategy Goal 3 (Recovery and Reconstruction Phase): Smooth transition to and implementation of recovery and reconstruction
Development strategy goal 1 "Development of disaster-resilient communities and societies" has been given first priority because measures for disaster management and risk reduction should be most effective when they are taken during the prevention (mitigation and preparedness) phase before actual disasters occur.