Disaster Reduction Goal
The Himalayan belt is the youngest and the highest mountain range in the world. The weak geological condition, steep topography, strong hydrodynamic with short seasonal monsoon rainfall and excessive human intervention have made the Himalaya very fragile and unpredictable at times. The landslides, avalanches, floods, flash floods, debris flow from landslide dammed lakes and glacial lake outburst floods, earthquake are the common hazard in the Himalayan range and sometimes occurs in multifaceted collectively. In general, climate change is expected to increase the frequency and intensity of extreme events. The lack of capacity to manage and adapt to disaster related risks is already a central development issue in the RMCs. ICIMOD has a niche to bridge this gap in the region by interfacing with key international agencies in order to adapt tools and methodologies for mountain specific DRR. Strengthening national cooperation partners in disaster risk mapping is a priority identified in ICIMOD’s strategy which will invariably involve developing capacity in handling of GI systems with necessary spatial tools and methods for risk management.
ICIMOD is focusing to contribute to the national efforts to strengthen national institutions for better understanding of landforms to reduce hazards and risk by utilizing remote sensing and geographical information system (RS and GIS)innovative approaches. ICIMOD currently focusing on developing forest fire monitoring system, piloting early warning for GLOF hazards in Imja and developing tools and methods for multi-hazard risk assessment and mapping. Furthermore, ICIMOD is partnering with key international agencies and programmes to work together on international charter – “Space for major disasters” for disaster response with satellite based data and information.