One of the most important goals of the Ministry is to support sustainable development of the country in the field of environment; to organize environmental planning system; to elaborate and implement state policy, target programs, strategy of environmental protection for sustainable development, national environmental action programs and management plans in the field of environmental protection and natural resources; to protect and preserve unique landscapes and ecosystems, rare and endangered species of flora and fauna that are characteristic for the country, biodiversity, atmospheric air, water, land and mineral resources; to implement public administration (regulation, registration, supervision and control) on waste management and chemicals; to follow the Georgian legislation in the field of environmental protection and to implement the international commitments within its competence.
Disaster Reduction Goal
The Ministry of Environment Protection, and namely its LEPL (legal entity of public law) National Environmental Agency (NEA), conducts the state hydro-meteorological and environmental monitoring and provides the population, state institutions, sectors of the economy, military forces of Georgia and other interested parties with the actual and forecasted information on hydro-meteorological and environmental state. Specifically, NEA carries out various disaster related geo-monitoring study-assessments throughout Georgia, provides timely evaluation of the situation in case of force-majeure caused by the extreme reactivation of geological and hydro-meteorological hazards and delivers respective recommendations.The National Environmental Agency is also responsible for the regular hydro-meteorological monitoring, forecasting and timely warning of relevant decision-makers and mass media and implementation of preventive measures against certain hazardous hydro-meteorological processes (hail, snow avalanche, deficit of precipitations). The National Environmental Agency of the Ministry of Environment Protection also implements soil, surface water and atmospheric air monitoring of chemical pollutants. The Department of Ecological Expertise and Inspection of the Ministry of Environment Protection along with the other tasks, is in charge of law enforcement and control over implementation of the Environmental Impact Permit conditions by enterprises.
NEA, following from its principal functions (forecasting of hydro-meteorological and geodynamic events, constant monitoring and planning /implementation of relevant measures), is considered as one of the most important national institutions in developing disaster risk reduction measures.
The Ministry of Environment Protection also holds the ownership and provides overall management of the web-based database of “Who does What Where in Disaster Risk Reduction in Georgia” (www.3w.org.ge).
Policies and Programmes in DRR
Second National Environmental Action Plan (2012-2016)
In January 2012 the Government of Georgia adopted National Environmental Action Plan 2012-2016 (NEAP-2) as required by Georgian legislation for every 5 years period. This plan represents in essence the National Environmental Action Programme 2 for 2012- 2016. It sets long-term goals, short-term targets and provides respective activities for 2012-2016 for eleven themes: Disasters (covers natural and man-made disasters, industrial accidents), Climate Change, Waste and chemical substances, Nuclear and Radiation Safety, Water Resources, Ambient Air, Black Sea, Biodiversity and Protected Areas, Land Resources, Forestry, Mineral Resources. NEAP-2 also presents several cross-cutting issues and concludes with an explanation of the importance of policy coordination within the national government, between the national and the municipal levels.
Disaster Risk Reduction Focal Point(s)
Olga Shashkina - National HFA Focal Point