Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), is an inter-governmental regional organization originally established by Iran, Pakistan, and Turkey as Regional Cooperation for Development (RCD) in 1964 for promoting sustainable socio-economic development of the Member States. It was renamed as ECO in 1985 and in 1992 the organization was expanded to include Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
Over the past 20 years, the member states have been collaborating to accelerate the pace of regional development through their common endeavors. Besides shared cultural and historical affinities, they have been able to use the existing infrastructural and business links to further fortify their resolve to transfer their hopes and aspirations into a tangible reality. ECO has embarked on several projects in priority sectors of cooperation including energy, agriculture, trade, transport, disaster risk reduction, environment, health, and drug control.