The Science Council of Japan (SCJ) was established in January 1949 as a "special organization" under the jurisdiction of the Prime Minister for the purpose of promoting and enhancing the field of science, and having science reflected in and permeated into administration, industries and people's lives.
Following are its two functions:
-to deliberate on important issues concerning science and help solve such issues.
-to make coordination among scientific studies to achieve higher efficiency.
The SCJ consists of 210 members and some 2,000 associate members. The organization comprises a General Assembly, an Executive Board, three Section Meetings (Humanities and Social Sciences, Life Sciences, and Physical Sciences and Engineering), 30 committees based on fields of specialties, five Administrative Committees for operation, and issue-oriented ad hoc committees.