Policies and Programmes in DRR
The African Development Bank has prioritized climate change and disaster risk reduction activities to support member countries facing intensified challenges to sustainable development. The Bank introduced the Climate Risk Management and Adaptation Strategy (CRMA) in 2009, which defines its approach to climate change adaption and disaster risk reduction through three main areas:
- climate proofing;
- policy, legal and regulatory reforms; and
- knowledge generation and capacity building.
Building on the CRMA, the Bank also launched the Climate Screening System (CSS) tool to ensure climate risks are mainstreamed into climate sensitive sectors at the early stages of the project cycle. The CSS tool basically helps to enhance synergies between disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation.
The African Development Bank has demonstrated its commitment to building the resilience of its member countries to disaster and climate risks through investment in projects and projects that promote DRR. The Bank launched, in partnership with the Commission of the African Union (AUC) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), the Climate for Development in Africa (ClimDev-Africa) Programme in 2010. The overarching objective of this multi-partner initiative is to build a solid foundation to respond to climate change. To support this initiative, the African Development Bank established and plays host to the ClimDev Africa Special Fund (CDSF), which is expected to raise an estimate of $135 million. In addition, the Bank has committed US$30 million to strengthen the capacities of regional climate institutions to enhance their technical abilities and expertise to generate climate information for disaster risk reduction.
Over the last decade, the African Development Bank hase also invested in excess of $5 billion on natural disaster reduction and management projects throughout the African region. Examples of such projects include, among others, the Drought Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods Programme in the Horn of Africa, Support to Agricultural Research, and the Mozambique Irrigation and Climate Resilience Project.