Research briefs

Objective measures of storm intensity show that North Atlantic hurricanes have grown more destructive. But residents' views depend more on gender, belief in climate change and recent experience with hurricanes, according to a new study. Understanding how people perceive the threat of hurricanes is crucial for preparedness and policies to make communities more resilient.
Princeton University
Photo by Flickr user Rene Rivers CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Strained by drought in recent years, California desperately needs more resilient water supplies. An affordable solution that provides a wide range of benefits is within reach, according to new Stanford research. The study examines the "managed aquifer recharge" process, which can incorporate benefits such as flood control, improved water quality, and wetland habitat protection.
Stanford University Press
Photo by Flickr user U.S. Department of Agriculture CC BY 2.0
International research led by The Australian National University (ANU) has found how plants, such as rice and wheat, sense and respond to extreme drought stress, in a breakthrough that could lead to the development of next-generation drought-proof crops. Drought-tolerant crops are crucial for global food security and reducing the impact of drought on the national economy.
Australian National University
Photo by Flickr user U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Northeast Region CC BY 2.0
Not only have seawalls in certain areas repeatedly failed when tested, but they pose a threat to the delicate ecosystems associated with wetlands and intertidal areas by reflecting energy generated by wind and waves back into the water. Emerging research suggests that in some areas, biological barriers better protect against coastal hazards.
Harvard Gazette
Sub-continent farmers in India are experts in monsoonal climate. To reduce floodwater on the surface and secure groundwater stores, vertical pipes, or holiyas, are inserted into the ground and drain water down the pipe into the aquifer below. While cheap and effective, they are not widely used: the findings from a 2015 assessment are published as an IWMI-Tata Highlight.
International Water Management Institute
Photo by Flickr user xmith xmith CC BY 2.0
Cities face harsher, more concentrated rainfall as climate change not only intensifies storms, but draws them into narrower bands of more intense downpours, UNSW engineers have found. This has major implications for existing stormwater infrastructure, particularly in large cities, which face higher risks of flash flooding.
University of New South Wales
Photo by Flickr user NOAA Photo Library CC BY 2.0
A new study finds that there will be a rise in tornado deaths if local and federal government in the United States continue to rely on old fashioned warning systems. The article suggests several recommendations to improve the current mechanism.
University of South Wales
Research published in the May 6 edition of Science indicates that slow-motion earthquakes or “slow-slip events” can rupture the shallow portion of a fault that also moves in large, tsunami-generating earthquakes. The finding has important implications for assessing tsunami hazards.
University of Texas
Scientists from Nanyang Technological University (NTU Singapore) at its Earth Observatory of Singapore (EOS) have discovered a way to forecast earthquakes based on slow fault movements caused by moving sub layers of the earth.
Earth Observatory of Singapore - Nanyang Technological University
The formation of a distinct pattern of sea surface temperatures in the middle of the North Pacific Ocean can predict an increased chance of summertime heat waves in the eastern half of the United States up to 50 days in advance, according to a new study led by a scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).
University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

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