EXPERTISE SERVICES: GUEST EDITORIAL
Yasunobu IshiiDirector Nippon Foundation, the (TNF)
Recent data indicates that persons with disabilities are twice more likely to die than the general population when a disaster occurs. However, many Governments do not incorporate a disability perspective into legal frameworks, policies, and action plans for disaster risk reduction. Physical infrastructures and disaster response services do not incorporate universal design principles, public service announcements are often issued in formats and language that are not accessible by persons with disabilities, and emergency exits, shelters, and facilities tend not to be barrier-free. Disability-inclusive disaster risk reduction could save lives, while also preventing and minimizing risk and damage when disasters occur.
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) | 10 Oct 2013
In terms of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), disability is a cross-cutting issue that amplifies risk across all groups including those already at high-risk, such as women and children. Persons with disabilities face a disproportionate impact from disasters and such occurences contribute to increases in incidences of disability among communities and populations.
Disability did not receive adequate attention, or representation, under the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015. This, in turn, has contributed to limited attention to disability in DRR practice and policy under the HFA.
During the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster in 2011, people with disabilities, along with elderly people, were exposed to the highest risk. The death rate of persons with disabilities was double that of the death rate for all the residents.
In the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Article 11 requests States Parties to take all necessary measures to ensure the protection and safety of persons with disabilities in situations of risk, including situations of armed conflict, humanitarian emergencies and the occurrence of natural disasters.
Thus, it is essential to incorporate a disability perspective into the post-HFA, as well as into legal frameworks, policies, and action plans for disaster risk reduction in each country.
DOCUMENTS AND PUBLICATIONS
Nippon Foundation, the (TNF);Rehabilitation International (RI);United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) | 2014
In order to form the recommendations for disability-inclusive disaster risk reduction, The Nippon Foundation organized the Asia-Pacific Meeting on Disability-inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai, Japan, on 22 and 23 April 2014. At the meeting, persons with disabilities, policymakers, practitioners, and advocates in the fields of DRR and disability rights adopted the Sendai Statement to Promote Disability-inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction. The core messages, specific action and strategic action which the Statement addresses are as follows. I would like to stress these elements as my conclusion and viewpoints.
As sea-levels continue to rise in many parts of the world, communities and infrastructure will become increasingly more vulnerable to storms and sea surges. Typhoon Haiyan that struck The Philippines last year, for example, caused much more damage than it would have a few decades ago because sea-levels in that region have risen by some 60 cm, much higher than the global average.
Disability Inclusive DRR Network for Asia and Pacific (DiDRRN); Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Germany - gov; International Disability Alliance (IDA) | 22 May 2013
TRAINING & EVENTS
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) | 13 Oct 2013
DOCUMENTS AND PUBLICATIONS
United Nations (UN) | 24 January 2007
DOCUMENTS AND PUBLICATIONS
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) | 2012
Nippon Foundation, the (TNF) | 8 Jul 2014
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