Expert of the Week   for  12 - 18 Oct 2018

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Takeshi Komino

General Secretary

Church World Service (CWS) - Japan (CWS) Expertise:  Disaster risk reduction, humanitarian operations, quality and accountability.

General Secretary of CWS (Church World Services) Japan, also serves as Secretary General and a member of Executive Committee for Asian Disaster Reduction and Response Network (ADRRN). In addition, he is co-chairperson of Japan Platform (JPF), joint secretariat of Japan CSO Coalition for DRR (JCC-DRR), Steering Group member of Humanitarian Innovation Forum Japan. He is also an active member of the Global Network of Civil Society Organisations for Disaster Reduction (GNDR). He was involved in major emergencies operation including recovery and reconstruction in Afghanistan, earthquake and floods in Pakistan, cyclone Nargis in Myanmar, floods in Thailand and 9.0 earthquake/tsunami/nuclear emergencies in Japan, and Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines. He is regional focal person in regional and global advocacy including issues on disaster risk reduction and humanitarian sector enhancement such as transformative agenda and World Humanitarian Summit. He is one of the co-authors of “10 Lessons from Fukushima – Reducing risks and protecting communities from nuclear disasters” published by Fukushima Booklet Publication Committee, and he was also leading UNISDR’s Ask-an-expert session on Prevention Web on DRR and nuclear disaster in 2015. He holds Master’s degree in international development.

Reducing economic losses from disasters – International Day for Disaster Reduction

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QQuestion by Ms JASMINE HUGGINS

Hello Takeshi, Thanks for your great work! The latest IPCC report on climate change predicts more droughts, flooding, superstorms, wildfires, etc. Many poor communities will be hit again and again and costly disasters erode their assets. Do you think that there is a point past which preparation/DRR are no longer options because coping mechanisms have been too stretched? What else can be done?

Ms JASMINE HUGGINS Snr.Policy and Advocacy Officer | CHURCH WORLD SERVICE
United States of America

APosted on 18 Oct 2018

Dear Jasmine,

Thank you for your question.  I agree that we can’t rely ONLY on individual coping mechanism when we consider such increase in risks (e.g. weather related disasters due to climate change impact), and that is why we have to ensure DRR measures taken at various levels (household, local authority, central authority, NGOs, private sector, academia, etc.) should sync in their impact.  Particularly, local authority plays an important role, and we need to ensure there is enough expertise and resource at this level, if we really want to have substantial and continuous risk reduction impact.  This needs to be intentional move, and there is no trickle down from central level if we just wait.  So, I don’t believe it is too late, but I strongly believe it is time.

Best,

Takeshi

QQuestion by Mr Mohamed Lamine KABA

Pendant le monde entier se bat pour construire un monde meilleur excepté les réticents lors des traités et accords, pourquoi le monde est tant plongé dans la désolation dues aux catastrophes naturelles et anthropiques ?
Est-ce que un manque de volonté de la part des Etats et les bailleurs de fonds ?

Mr Mohamed Lamine KABA Sociologue des Organisations | KABA
Guinea

APosted on 16 Oct 2018

Dear Mr. Lamine,

Thank you for your question.  I think the risks surrounding us is increasing faster and bigger as compared to our notion.  DRR needs to be mainstreamed, but our society still operates as status quo in many sense.  I think true integration of DRR in our society is one important way forward, and it is always on collaboration, and not competition.

Best,
Takeshi


QQuestion by Ms Tushar Pradhan

My question is regarding whether we face natural or human induced disasters already there are marginalised populations existing in each society who are facing several challenges...economical, social, political, cultural. So what are the innovative ways to not only build there capabilites to improved there situation but to make them resilient.....?

Ms Tushar Pradhan Former District Disaster Management Officer Aurang | Government of Maharashtra
India

APosted on 16 Oct 2018

Dear Ms. Pradhan,

Thank you for your question.  Indeed, enhancing resilience capacity of those at risk should be a priority, and this is probably the utmost reason why we are prioritizing localization in the sector.  I think the people possess great level of resilience in their lives already, and it is a matter of enhancing that with more enabling environment (to cope with increasing risks).  They may need information (e.g. forecast of changing rain patterns), evening-out the risk level (e.g. insurance for their livelihood), physical infrastructure to mitigate future risk impact (e.g. cyclone shelter with livestock evacuation options).  Many of these can be done by people themselves to an extent, but their efforts can be significantly enhanced through additional support.

I think the innovation in such risk mitigation and resilience comes with the localized perspective that we have and share within the sector.  If we start looking at things with the eyes of the local population who are facing the actual challenge, things will be dramatically different.  So, let us include them in the policy debate, budget allocation discussions, and planning of future risk reduction direction.  As they say, people are the greatest assets we have in reducing risks.

Best,
Takeshi

QQuestion by Mr Mohammad Abdur Rouf

Dear Mr. Takeshi,
We have all these great frameworks in place with reasonable political buy-ins. Different stakeholders are also trying to join in, in the effort. Still, the statistics we are seeing regarding the economic loss are gradually increasing and alarming. Do you think, it's already too late for some meaningful interventions? If not, what should be prioritized actions in your opinion?

Mr Mohammad Abdur Rouf RDC-Asia, Pacific | GNDR
Thailand

APosted on 16 Oct 2018

Dear Mr. Rouf,

Thank you for your question.  I believe it is never too late to show the wisdom of humans in applying risk prevention and mitigation measures.  Assets are centralized around big cities, and people live in urban areas.  This means there are more that we need to protect in these cities, and that has an implication to the policy of practice of city development/management.  For example in Japan, more than 50% of population and 75% of assets are below the river water level.  This is due to dikes we built on river banks for flood protection; the higher the dikes we built, the higher the water level has become.  Although these infrastructure helped to save many lives, it is increasing flood risks for our assets.  With cost of social security rising in Japan (around 1/3 of our national budget), we can't allocate more money in infrastructure, and there needs to be alternative measures; e.g. cleaning sediments accumulated on riverbed, and early evacuation to save lives.

There are pros and cons to every policy, and that is why it makes sense for various stakeholders to come together to explore the pros and cons.  My own perspective is limited and diversity is definitely an asset in DRR!  So, let us explore more ways that different groups can practically work together with a shared vision.  Then, it is never too late.

Best,
Takeshi

QQuestion by Mr Zakir Nd Hossain

What is your opinion about Risk Informed Development (RID) to the context of economic loss from disaster events?

Mr Zakir Nd Hossain founder & The Chief | Prisoner Sorry (Farmers' Voice)
Bangladesh

APosted on 15 Oct 2018

Dear Mr. Hossain,

Thank you for your question.  This is very big question and indeed an important one.  I believe there is an increase in our risk with whatever development activities we do.  In fact, the same goes to our daily decisions in our lives.  But in doing so, we get wiser by identifying potential risks and mitigate them in prior, so that the impact of an event would be minimal.  There are indeed vast amount of lessons we can draw on across the world.
Do we all need to exprience a disaster in order to learn how to mitigate the impact in our development?  I believe no, and I believe that is why we need proactive atittude in sharing our experience in DRR.  Wisdom always exists in the context and I believe strongly in the initiative done by local leaders.
Best,
Takeshi

QQuestion by Mr Amit Kumar Dadhich

Respected Mr. Komino
Namaskar from India!

It is very pleasure that I am interacting with you.
RAWS India has already influenced Chhattisgarh government to implement School Safety Project in state. Now are planning to implement the same in Madhya pradesh state with more innovation, so can you suggest me some innovative tools and techniques to implement the same.

Mr Amit Kumar Dadhich Executive Director | RAWS India
India

APosted on 13 Oct 2018

Dear Mr. Dadhich,

Thank you for your post.  I saw your website, and congratulations to your wonderful work you do in spreading the culture of safety among the schools.  My current understanding of your overall scope of work is limited, but maybe following could be an interest?
- Dissemination of DRR knowledge through Mobile Knowledge Resource Center (MKRC)
http://www.worldurbancampaign.org/makati-mobile-knowledge-resource-center-mkrc
- Case from Maiko highschool in Kobe - integrating DRR as specialized course in highschool
http://www.adrc.asia/publications/TDRM2005/TDRM_Good_Practices/PDF/PDF-2005e/Chapter3_3.2.4-1.pdf
- Innovation management guide by HIF/ELRHA
http://www.elrha.org/news/introducing-our-new-humanitarian-innovation-guide-by-an-innovation-sceptic/

I think a seed to innovation always exist in the context.  So analysis methodology that HIF/ELRHA has maybe an interesting resource to dig down deeper into articulating what is the ultimate issue you need to solve (the very reason why innovation is required).

Lastly, GNDR launched a platform called Community Platform where cross-learning and discussion takes place further.
https://gndr.force.com/s/?language=en_GB
If you have any question on this, please also contact GNDR secretariat (info@gndr.org).

Thank you again for your question and wish you all the best with your admirable endeavors on the ground!

Best,
Takeshi

THIS SESSION CONCLUDED ON

18
October
2018