Turkey: Izmit earthquake 1999


In August 1999, an earthquake in the city of Izmit killed thousands and left hundreds of thousands homeless.


On August 17, 1999 an earthquake measuring 7.4 on the Richter scale at 3:00 am devastated the Marmara region of Turkey. Over 15,000 lives have been lost and there is extensive damage to Turkey's industrial heartland. As the region digs out of the rubble

World Bank, the

In late August and early September 1999, a team of structural engineers representing the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research (PEER) Center travelled to Turkey to study damaged and undamaged buildings, bridges, industrial facilities, and lifeline

Pacific Earthquake Engineering Center

The impact of disaster also depends on the levels of development and disaster preparedness of individual cities. This is evident when comparing the contrasting cases of Kobe, Japan (hit by a 7.2 Richter magnitude earthquake in 1995) and Marmara, Turkey

United Nations Human Settlements Programme - Headquarters