The UN Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR) is the flagship report of the United Nations on worldwide efforts to reduce disaster risk. The GAR is published biennially by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR).
With increasing urban challenges associated with impacts of climate change, risks from natural and man-made hazards, population growth, and urban densification, a focus on long-term resilience to ensure a high level of liveability is essential. Auckland
The cities of São Luiz do Paraitinga, in 2010; Cubatão, in 2013; Itaóca, in 2014; and Jarinu in 2016, all located in the State of São Paulo, suffered disasters caused by heavy rains and storms resulting in human and economic losses, as well as leaving
Bogotá, capital of Colombia, with 8.2 million inhabitants by 2018, has a system to report different types of emergencies (Information System for Risk Management and Climate Change — SIRE), collecting information since 2002. This work presents the